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TIMELINE 1938 -1945
- KEY DATES OF THE HOME GUARD -
with RELATED DOMESTIC EVENTS and MAJOR INTERNATIONAL EVENTS
is a page of the
GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE HOME GUARD
section of www.staffshomeguard.co.uk.
Please go to Site
Map for complete site contents.
text for international/military events,
green for domestic, khaki for Home Guard.
annexes Austria, the Anschluss.
Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier, the British and French
prime ministers, reach agreement
with Hitler and Mussolini at Munich, resolving the Sudetenland
crisis. A separate resolution
provides for Germany and Great Britain settling all
future disputes by peaceful means,
thus ensuring "peace for our time". Czechoslovakia
will pay the price.
accordance with the Munich agreement Germany takes control
of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
a night of state-sponsored destruction and murder, is
a further development in the
Nazi policy of persecution of the Jews.
this day, twenty years earlier, there ended the Great
War - "the war to end all wars".
air raid shelters start to be issued.
breach of the Munich agreement Germany occupies Prague
and takes control of all of Czechoslovakia.
introduced in U.K. for all men of ages 20-21.
is a blackout trial in London.
and the U.S.S.R. sign a non-aggression pact.
reservists are called up and the A.R.P. is put on alert.
Great Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance
of British children start to be evacuated from cities
into safer areas as the threat of war
looms - "The First Evacuation".
Chamberlain broadcasts to the nation and Great Britain
declares war on Germany.
Franklin D. Roosevelt declares the U.S.A.'s neutrality.
main force of the British Expeditionary Force starts
to arrive at Cherbourg.
accordance with a further secret pact with Germany,
the Soviet Union invades eastern Poland.
British men between 20 and 22 are
now liable for conscription
Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, is proposing
the forming of a "Home Guard" of about
recruitment into the tiny "National Defence Forces",
started in 1936, is halted.
Royal Oak is sunk whilst moored at Scapa Flow.
uneasy calm descends on Great Britain - "The Phoney
1.5 million men will have
been conscripted into the armed forces by the end of
and its new Soviet ally continue to carve up Poland
between them and brutally subjugate
DECEMBER 17th Following
the Battle of the River Plate the Graf Spee is
Phoney War continues in Western Europe with military
activities limited to the air and sea. Hitler
and Mussolini meet.
Rationing begins in
Great Britain. Conscription is extended to the ages
20 - 27. A large proportion
of evacuated children have now returned to their homes.
is a particularly cold month in the U.K.
a valiant struggle Finland makes a peace agreement with
attacks Norway and Denmark by air, land and sea.
British, French and Polish troops
to Norway's aid.
As the month progresses and events rapidly unfold, in
Great Britain there is an increasing sense of shock and fear
of a "Fifth Column" of traitors and saboteurs.
A great popular pressure develops to form a civil
in the House of Lords for the creation of "local
levies armed with rifles".
German Army and Luftwaffe attack Belgium, the Netherlands
Churchill becomes Prime Minister.
War Office meeting to consider the forming of a militia.
Thousands of aliens are interned.
schemes being prepared by the War Office and General
HQ, Home Forces in collaboration
with Eastern Command for a local defence force. 13th
second evacuation of children starts from vulnerable
areas and continues into July.
of State for War, Anthony Eden, broadcasts to the nation
the formation of
the Local Defence Volunteers and enrolment starts immediately.
is heavily bombed and the Netherlands surrenders.
Home Guard groups start patrols.
German Army smashes through the French lines at Sedan. 17th The
legal staus of the L.D.V. is established via the issue
of an Order in Council.